Working Papers
These working papers present preliminary research findings by consultants from Wadonda Consult. The papers can be viewed using Acrobat Reader. Comments and suggestions are welcome.



WACO/01/2014 Smallholder Agricultural Development in Malawi in the Past 50 Years: Has Public Policy Resulted in Unsuccessful Transformations?
Ephraim W Chirwa
October 2014
The 16th Professorial Inaugural Lecture delivered in the Great Hall at Chancellor College, University of Malawi on 29th October 2014


14633 IIED WP The Rehabilitation of Agricultural Input Subsidies?
Andrew Dorward and Ephraim Chirwa
September 2014
FAC Working Paper 067


FAC WP 082 Smallholder Commercialisation in Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi & Tanzania: Findings from Village Studies
Steve Wiggins, Gem Argwings-Kodhek, Samuel Gebreselassie, Samuel Asuming-Brempong, Ephraim Chirwa, Mirriam Muhome Matita, Ntengua Mode & Khamaldin Mutabazi
March 2014
FAC Working Paper 067


FAC WP 067 Impacts of the Farm Input Subsidy Programme in Malawi: Informal Rural Economy Modelling
Andrew Dorward and Ephraim W. Chirwa
June 2013
FAC Working Paper 067


FAC WP 066 Targeting in the Farm Input Subsidy Programme in Malawi: Issues and Options
Andrew Dorward and Ephraim W. Chirwa
June 2013
FAC Working Paper 066


FAC WP 065 Repeated Access and Impacts of the Farm Input Subsidy Programme in Malawi: Any Prospects of Graduation?
Ephraim W. Chirwa, Peter Mvula, Mirriam Matita and Andrew Dorward
June 2013
FAC Working Paper 065


FAC WP 064 Private Sector Participation in the Farm Input Subsidy Programme in Malawi
Ephraim W. Chirwa and Andrew Dorward
June 2013
FAC Working Paper 064


WIDER 2013/030 Dealing with the 2007/08 Global Food Price Crisis: The Political Economy of Food Price Policy in Malawi
Ephraim W. Chirwa and Blessings Chinsinga
March 2013
WIDER Working Paper 2013/030


FAC WP 037 From Subsistence to Smallholder Commercial Farming in Malawi:a Case of NASFAM Commercialisation Initiatives
Ephraim W. Chirwa, Andrew Dorward and Mirriam Matita
January 2012
FAC Working Paper 037


FAC WP 030 Initial Conditions and Changes in Commercial Fertilizers under the Farm Input Subsidy Programme in Malawi: Implications for Graduation
Ephraim W. Chirwa, Andrew Dorward and Mirriam Matita
December 2011
FAC Working Paper 030


FAC WP 029 Conceptualising Graduation from Agricultural Input Subsidies in Malawi
Ephraim W. Chirwa, Andrew Dorward and Mirriam Matita
December 2011
FAC Working Paper 029


FAC WP 028 Gender and Intra-Household Use of Fertilizers in the Malawi Farm Input Subsidy Programme
Ephraim W. Chirwa, Peter M. Mvula, Andrew Dorward and Mirriam Matita
December 2011
FAC Working Paper 028


FAC WP 027 Factors Influencing Access to Agricultural Input Subsidy Coupons in Malawi
Ephraim W. Chirwa, Mirriam Matita and Andrew Dorward
December 2010
FAC Working Paper 027


WPS5089 The Short-Term Impacts of a Schooling Conditional Cash Transfer Program on the Sexual Behavior of Young Women
Sarah Baird, Ephraim Chirwa, Craig McIntosh and Berk Ozler
October 2009
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper WPS5089


WP2009/05 Rural - Urban Welfare Inequalities in Malawi: Evidence from a Decomposition Analysis
Mirriam M. Matita and Ephraim W. Chirwa
August 2009
Department of Economics Working Paper Series


WP2009/04 Farmer Organisations and Profitability in Smallholder Tobacco in Malawi
Ephraim W. Chirwa
February 2009
Department of Economics Working Paper Series


WP2009/03 Determinants of Marketing Channels among Smallholder Maize Farmers in Malawi
Ephraim W. Chirwa
February 2009
Department of Economics Working Paper Series


WP2009/02 The Impact of Education on Self-Employment, Farm Activities and Household Incomes in Malawi
Mirriam M. Matita and Ephraim W. Chirwa
February 2009
Department of Economics Working Paper Series


WP2009/01 The Rates of Return on Education in Malawi
Ephraim W. Chirwa and Mirriam M. Matita
January 2009
Department of Economics Working Paper Series


WP-08 Agricultural Growth and Poverty Reduction in Malawi: Past Performance and Recent Trends
Ephraim W. Chirwa, Kumwenda, I., Jumbe, C., Chilonda, P. and I. Minde
October 2008
ReSAKSS Working Paper No. 8. 2008


WP2006/04 Commercialisation of Food Crops in Rural Malawi: Insights from the Household Survey
Ephraim W Chirwa
March 2006
Department of Economics Working Paper Series


WP2006/03 Farm-Level Productivity in Smallholder Tea Farming in Malawi: Do Contractual Arrangements Matter?
Ephraim W Chirwa and Jonathan Kydd
March 2006
Department of Economics Working Paper Series


WP2006/01 Determinants of Child Nutrition in Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa and Harold Ngalawa
January 2006
Department of Economics Working Paper Series


ODI NRP 99 Walking Tightropes: Supporting Farmer Organisations for Market Access
November 2005
Ephraim Chirwa, Andrew Dorward, Richard Kachule, Ian Kumwenda, Jonathan Kydd, Nigel Poole, Colin Poulton, Michael Stockbridge
ODI Natural Resource Perspectives


WP2005/08 Agricultural Marketing Liberalisation and the Plight of the Poor in Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa, Peter M Mvula and John Kadzandira
September 2005
Department of Economics Working Paper Series


WC/04/04 Macroeconomic Policies and Poverty Reduction in Malawi: Can we infer from Panel Data?
Ephraim W Chirwa
September 2004
Also appears as DOE Working Paper WP2005/06


WC/03/04 Access to Land, Growth and Poverty Reduction in Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa
August 2004
Also appears as DOE Working Paper WP2005/01


WC/02/04 Effects of Economic and Trade Policy Reforms on Food Security in Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa
May 2004


WC/01/04 Gender and Performance of Micro and Small Enterprises in Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa
March 2004
Also appears as DOE Working Paper WP2005/03


WC/02/03 Fertilizer and Hybrid Seeds Adoption among Smallholder Maize Farmers in Southern Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa
July 2003
Published in Development Southern Africa, 2005, 22(1): 1-12

WC/01/03 Sources of Technical Efficiency among Smallholder Maize Farmers in Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa
July 2003


WC/02/02 Trade Policy and Industrialisation in Malawi:The Need for a Strategic Approach
Ephraim W Chirwa
June 2002


WC/01/02 Microfinance and Poverty Reduction in Malawi: What Has Happened to the Microfinance Revolution?
Ephraim W Chirwa
June 2002


IMF 02/06 Financial Reforms and Interest Rate Spreads in the Commercial Banking System in Malawi
Montfort Mlachila and Ephraim W Chirwa
January 2002


WC/04/01 Food Pricing Reforms and Price Transmission in Malawi: Implications for Food Policy and Food Security
Ephraim W Chirwa
February 2001


WC/03/01 Does the Return to Schooling Depend on the Type of Employment? Evidence from the Rural Labour Market in Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa and Evious K Zgovu
February 2001


WC/02/01 Industry and Firm Effects of Privatization in Malawian Oligopolistic Manufacturing
Ephraim W Chirwa
February 2001


WC/01/01 Participation and Impact of Poverty-Oriented Public Works Projects in Rural Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa, Evious K Zgovu and Peter M Mvula
January 2001


WC/03/00 Privatization and Technical Efficiency: Evidence from Malawi Manufacturing
Ephraim W Chirwa
November 2000


WC/02/00 The Promise of Privatization: Financial and Operating Efficiency in Malawi Manufacturing
Ephraim W Chirwa
October 2000


WC/01/00 Average Earnings and Minimum Wages in Malawi: Cointegration and Causality
Ephraim W Chirwa
January 2000


WC/08/99 Determinants of Commercial Banks' Profitability in Malawi: A Cointegration Approach
July 1999


WC/07/99 Impact of Household Food Security and Nutrition Intervention Programmes in Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa and James Milner
June 1999


WC/06/99 Structural Adjustment Programs and the Labour Market in Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa
June 1999


WC/05/99 Food Marketing Reforms and Integration of Maize and Rice Markets in Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa
February 1999


WC/04/99 Mixed Enterprises, Soft Budget Constraints and Privatization in Oligopolistic Industries
Ephraim W Chirwa
February 1999

WC/03/99 Financial Sector Reforms in Malawi: Are Days of Financial Repression' Gone?
Ephraim W Chirwa
April 1999
Published in Savings and Development, 1999, 23(3): 327-351

WC/02/99 Capacity Constraints, Management and Effectiveness of Poverty-Oriented Microfinance Institutions in Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa, Peter Mvula, Lucy Namata and Evious K Zgovu
January 1999
Published in African Review of Money Finance and Banking, 1999: 21-47

WC/01/99 Structural Adjustment Programs and Efficiency in the Malawian Manufacturing Sector
Ephraim W Chirwa
January 1999
Published in African Development Review, 2000, 12(1): 98-113

WC/07/98 Financial Sector Reforms, Monopoly Power and Performance in the Malawian Banking Industry
Ephraim W Chirwa
December 1998
Published in African Journal of Economic Policy, 1998, 5(2): 1-28

WC/06/98 Market Structure and Performance of Commercial Banks in the Malawian Banking Industry
Ephraim W Chirwa
November 1998
Published in African Journal of Economic Policy, 1997, 4(2): 29-46

WC/05/98 Technical Efficiency in Manufacturing Industries in Malawi using Deterministic Production Frontier
Ephraim W Chirwa
September 1998


WC/04/98 Stochastic Production Functions and Technical Efficiency of Farmers in Southern Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa and Welborn Mwafongo
September 1998


WC/03/98 Management and Delivery of Financial Services for the Poor: Lessons from FINCA's Village Bank Approach in Southern Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa
August 1998
Published in Savings and Development, 1999, 23(1): 5-28

WC/02/98 Market Structure and the Export Performance of Manufacturing Industries in Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa
April 1998


WC/01/98 The Development of Rural Finance Institutions for the Poor: The Case of Malawi Mudzi Fund
Ephraim W Chirwa
January 1998


WC/02/97 Fostering Private Food Marketing and Food Policies After Liberalisation: The Case of Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa
August 1996

WC/01/97 State Divestiture and Private Sector Development in Malawi: Lessons from Admarc's Divestiture Programme
Ephraim W Chirwa
June 1996

WC/03/96 Separation of Ownership from Control: Empirical Evidence from the Malawian Manufacturing Industry
Ephraim W Chirwa
October 1996

WC/02/96 An Econometric Analysis of the Determinants of Agricultural Credit Repayment in Malawi
Ephraim W Chirwa
March 1996
Published in African Review of Money Finance and Banking, 1997, 1-2: 107-122

WC/01/96 The Behaviour of Stock Prices at Nairobi Stock Exchange
Ephraim W Chirwa
January 1996